Redes sociales y desastres…


En un extenso recorrido The New Yorker, describe como las redes sociales han impactado durante y después del azote de Dorian por las islas de Bahamas, para rescatar victimas y asistir a los damnificados por una de las tormentas tropicales más desastrosas del Caribe.

Como las redes sociales, Facebook y Twitter, pueden ser instrumentos de coordinación y solidaridad, incluso cuando el resto de la infraestructura colapsa; ese es precisamente el origen de la tipología de la internet, y su madre ARPANET, ser funcional en medio del desastre y el dolor.

Se lee; sobre Twitter:

On the island of Grand Bahama, Dorian ripped the roof off of an oil refinery, causing oil to spill into the water tables of the eastern part of the island. Twitter played an instrumental role in the rescue of people trapped in their homes, many of which lacked potable water. Kimberly Mullings, a broadcast journalist living in Freeport, said that she used Twitter to guide search-and-rescue missions. “I was most useful inside, reading Twitter and then coördinating people outside on Jet Skis,” she said. So much debris filled the flood waters that only personal watercraft were small and agile enough to conduct rescues. “You couldn’t fight Category 5 winds,” Shawn Gabrielle Gomez, a twenty-five-year-old journalist and content producer at a Bahamian agency called Social Light Media, told me. “When the storm downgraded, that was the only chance.” Gomez, who has a large social-media following, worked with Mullings and retweeted rescue requests from survivors. She told me that in the Bahamas, Twitter is not used as much as Instagram and Facebook, but it proved vital after the storm. “I do social-media management, and I never thought in a million years we would use Twitter to save lives,” Gomez said.


He said that he was amazed by how effective Facebook could be in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster. After the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal, he said, people used Facebook messenger to coördinate searches for loved ones who were potentially buried in the rubble. After Irma hit St. Maarten, he created Facebook albums that organized missing people by neighborhood. Since Dorian made landfall, a Facebook group called Dorian People Search Bahamas, accumulated nearly thirteen thousand members. A member posted a plea for information about whether a family in Abaco had survived the storm, naming each member. “Please say if you have seen them,” the person wrote. “Praying for their safety and the safety of all people trapped in this nightmare.” Twenty minutes later, another user replied, writing, “I saw Norma she is fine. I have heard Donnie is accounted for and alive.” Hundreds of similar threads appeared on Facebook.

Tal y cómo ocurrió el pasado 27 de enero en La Habana, cuando fue azotada por un poderoso tornado categoría 4; las redes sociales muestran sus mejores prácticas en tiempos de solidaridad, ayuda y dolor humano.  



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